The Complete Guide To A Human Resources Job: Responsibilities, Functions, and Skills Needed

by Samantha Wilson
Feb 15, 2023
5.5min read

The Human Resources job is a vital role in any company, with many responsibilities and functions to keep the workplace running smoothly. If you're thinking of pursuing a career in this field, then you need to know what skills and knowledge are needed to be successful. In this article, you'll get an overview of how HR works and what it takes to get hired.

What is Human Resources (HR)?

Human resources (HR) is the department within a company that is responsible for all things related to employees, from recruiting and hiring to managing payroll and benefits. HR also oversees employee relations, which includes ensuring that the workplace is safe and fair and handling any complaints or issues that may arise.

In order to be successful in human resources, it is important to have strong people skills and be able to effectively communicate with both employees and management.

Responsibilities of an HR in the Company

The human resources department is responsible for a lot more than just hiring and firing employees. In fact, HR is responsible for the entire employee lifecycle, from recruitment and onboarding to development and retention. Here are several common responsibilities of an HR in the company:

  • Hiring and onboarding new employees
  • Managing employee records and files
  • Administering payroll and benefits
  • Conducting performance reviews
  • Handling employee relations issues
  • Enforcing company policies and procedures
  • Overseeing compliance with labor laws
  • Organizing and conducting training initiatives
  • Assisting in the development of corporate strategies
  • Interfacing with external vendors and service providers
  • Helping to create a positive company culture and work environment

What are the Functions of HR?

Amongst a lot of HR functions for a company, here are some of the key functions of HR:

  • Recruitment: Attracting and selecting the best talent for your organization. This includes writing job descriptions, sourcing candidates, conducting interviews, and performing reference checks.
  • Onboarding: Getting new employees acclimated to your company culture and values. This includes orientations, training, and onboarding programs.
  • Development: Investing in employee growth and development. This includes creating learning and development programs, coaching employees, and providing opportunities for career advancement.
  • Retention: Keeping employees engaged and motivated to stay with your company. This includes creating a positive work environment, offering competitive benefits and compensation packages, and fostering a sense of belonging within the organization.
  • Performance Management: Monitoring and evaluating employee performance. This includes setting goals, providing feedback, and conducting performance reviews.
  • Compensation & Benefits: Ensuring that employees are compensated fairly and equitably. This includes developing salary structures, administering benefits programs, and managing payroll.
  • Employee Relations: Resolving conflicts, addressing grievances, and maintaining a harmonious work environment. This includes handling disciplinary issues, addressing concerns, and promoting open communication between management and employees.
  • Diversity & Inclusion: Promoting diversity in the workplace. This includes implementing policies that foster an inclusive environment for all employees regardless of their gender, race, or sexual orientation.

What Skills are Needed for an HR Job?

There are a variety of skills that are needed for an HR job. These skills can be divided into three main categories: people skills, communication skills, and technical skills.

  • People skills are essential for an HR job because the role involves working with people on a daily basis. This includes being able to build relationships, managing conflict, and providing support. 
  • Communication skills are also important as they allow you to effectively communicate with employees and other members of the organization. It is also important to have good writing skills so that you can produce well-written documents such as policies and procedures.
  • Technical skills are also required for an HR job. This includes having knowledge of employment law, being able to use HRIS systems, and being able to carry out data analysis.

All of these skills are essential for an HR job, and they should be developed over time to ensure success in the role.

How to Get Started in an HR Career

There are a few key things you need to do if you want to pursue an HR career. First, research the different types of HR roles and decide which one is right for you. Then, build up your experience by getting involved in HR-related activities in your current job or through internships and volunteer work. Finally, develop the necessary skills by taking courses or earning a professional designation.

Once you have a good understanding of the HR field and what it takes to be successful in it, you can start researching specific jobs. Use job search engines and networking sites to find open positions that match your interests and qualifications. When applying for jobs, be sure to highlight your relevant experience and skills on your resume and cover letter.

In addition to job-specific skills, there are some essential skills that all HR professionals need. These include interpersonal communication, problem-solving, conflict resolution, and team building. You can develop these skills through on-the-job training, coursework, or professional development programs.

Tips for Succeeding in an HR Position

Human Resources is a huge field with many different types of jobs. There are many things that you need to know in order to succeed in an HR position. Here are some tips for succeeding in an HR position:

  1. Be organized and keep good records. This will help you stay on top of your work and keep track of important information.
  2. Communicate effectively. This means being able to communicate with both employees and managers. You need to be able to listen and understand what they are saying, as well as be able to explain things clearly.
  3. Be proactive. Do not wait for problems to come to you. Find the problem as soon as possible. This will help you prevent potential issues and resolve them before they become bigger issues.
  4. Be patient. Dealing with people can be challenging, so it’s important to have patience when working in HR. Sometimes it takes time to build trust and relationships with employees, but it will be worth it in the end. -Be supportive. It’s important to be a positive presence in the workplace and to show support for employees. This will help create a more positive environment.
  5. Be flexible. You need to be able to adapt to changes quickly and be willing to learn new things. HR is constantly changing, so it’s important that you stay up-to-date with trends and technologies in the field.

By following these tips, you can succeed in an HR position. You need to have a good understanding of the field and be able to communicate effectively with both employees and managers.

Average Salary for Human Resources (HR) in the USA

According to the average human resources salary in the USA is $59,697 per year or $28.70 per hour. Entry-level positions start at $42,856 per year while most experienced workers make up to $102,028 per year. This data is based on 10,000 salary data recorded by

Payscale found that starting HR Managers with less than 1 year of experience make an average of $55,031, while those with 1-4 years of experience make an average of $63,193. For those with 5-9 years, they make $72,241, and 10-19 years of experience yields an average total compensation of $76,236. For those with 20 years or more, they make $78,712.

In conclusion, a Human Resources job is an essential and highly valuable role for any organization. It requires a variety of skills, responsibilities, functions, and experience. With the right education, training, and dedication you can make yourself an invaluable asset to any company in need of HR professionals. Learning about the different aspects that go into a successful Human Resource career will help you stand out from other candidates when applying for positions.

If you are ready to apply for an HR position, we recommend you try our AI-based job finder. Our AI will match your qualification with the job requirements you may apply for. Good luck on your journey to success!

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