CV vs Resume: What Are The Differences?

by Raj Virani
Mar 2, 2023
4min read

If you’re an active job seeker, you might have heard of the terms Curriculum Vitae (CV) and Resume while going through various job descriptions while applying for a job. Some jobs require you to apply through your resume, while others might ask for your detailed CV. 

The terms resume, and CV is often used interchangeably in the hiring process both by recruiters as well as job seekers. However, these documents are foundationally different and play different roles in the hiring process. This blog will explain more about each of these documents in detail.

What Is a CV?

cv - curriculum vitae

CV is the popular abbreviation for ‘Curriculum Vitae.’ It is a Latin word meaning ‘course of life.’ CV is a detailed overview of your profile that mentions your brief profile summary, education, experience, skills, references, publications, research projects, grants, scholarships, awards, special honors, and certifications. 

In addition to that, a CV is a detailed and comprehensive account of your entire career. Mostly, a CV is used while applying for jobs in academia, government, the medical field, and scientific research projects. In the USA, a CV is used while applying for academic and governmental positions. 

There is no particular page length that needs to be followed while writing your CV. A fresher’s CV can be between two to four pages in length. On the other hand, the CV of an experienced professional can range from eight to ten pages in length and sometimes even more than that. There is no page-length limit in a CV. 

Pro Tip: To make your CV appear well-written, always try to follow a chronological order while writing your CV. 

What Is a Resume?

resume

The word resume is derived from the French word ‘résumé’, which translates to ‘summary’ or ‘abstract’ in English. As the name mentions, a resume is a brief overview of your profile. It usually includes the following sections in any particular order:

  • Contact Information
  • Profile Summary
  • Experience 
  • Education 
  • Skills 
  • Co-Curricular Activities 
  • Languages known 
  • References 

In addition to the sections mentioned above, you can also mention your volunteering experience, hobbies, and an objective statement that mentions your goals in your resume. The ideal resume length for a fresher’s resume is one page, whereas the resume of an experienced professional can be two pages long.  

A resume is used while applying for non-academic positions in the USA and Canada. Information in a resume can be presented in a chronological format (reverse chronological order) or a functional format (focus on skills and experience without mentioning duration), or a mixture of both. 

Your resume changes based on the positions that you are applying for, and it is not always necessary to follow a chronological order in your resume. 

Pro Tip: Try to keep your resume as short as possible. The majority of resumes are usually one-page in length. Accompany your resume with a cover letter that provides an overview of the skills and experience you have highlighted in your resume specially crafted for the position you are applying for. 

CV vs Resume: The difference 

There is a wide range of differences between a CV and a resume. Let us explore some of them in brief.

Purpose

CV: Provide a detailed overview of the applicant's career

Resume: Give a brief outlook on the profile of a candidate

Audience

CV: Academics, Research Scholars, and Government Institutions

Resume: Recruiters and hiring managers

Layout

CV: Chronological

Resume: Chronology is not necessarily required but is desirable

Length

CV: Two to four pages for freshers, and no page-length limit for experienced professionals

Resume: Ideally one page and not more than two pages

Job Positions

CV: Academic and Research-Oriented

Resume: Any job positions other than academic

Industry

CV: Academia and Education

Resume: Any industry other than academia

Information

CV: Includes detailed information on a candidate’s career

Resume: Provides relevant information regarding the education, skills, and experience of a candidate

Customization

CV: Limited or no customization required based on job positions

Resume: Tailored for different positions or industry

Geography

CV: Usually used for applying for jobs in the UK, Europe, and New Zealand. For applying to academic positions based in US and Canada

Resume: Used extensively to apply for non-academic jobs in the US, Canada, and Europe

References

CV: Always included

Resume: Not necessary to include

Similarities Between Resume and CV 

Despite the fact that there are some differences between a resume and a CV there are also some similarities between both these documents. CV and resume are overviews of your experiences, skills, achievements, and education. The motive of writing both is to get you to an interview and finally land you in your preferred job role. 

Moreover, in both of these documents, you do not need to mention all of your experience in detail. Only selected experience that aligns with the job you are applying for is preferable. Even in the case of a CV where there is scope for detail, it is desired that you briefly mention each of your experiences, as a longer CV can take more time to read and deliver unnecessary information to your reader.

In both cases, if you are not concise, your chances of getting to an interview are limited because if you mention everything here, what will the hiring team ask you in your interview? 

Tailoring your CV or resume according to your preferred job role can be tiring. That is why it is recommended that you look for jobs through a job aggregator. It is an easy-to-use system that allows you to update your CV or Resume and get recommended job positions based on your profile.

Epicareer is one of the most recommended job aggregators which focuses provides customized job recommendations to you based on your profile. Try uploading your CV or Resume on Epicareer and check it out for yourself.

Only Apply for job that matter.

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